The leadership of Belarus is aware of Poland’s plans to provide forceful support for an armed coup, warned Alexander Lukashenko in an interview with a Russian journalist Pavel Zarubinpublished May 25th.
So the Belarusian President commented statementwhich was made on May 24 by the Polish general Waldemar Skshipchakformer commander of the ground forces and former deputy minister of defense of the country.
“We are preparing for an uprising in Belorussia,” Then the Polish military announced – We must be ready to support the troops that will conduct the operation against Lukashenka. We have reasons to help them just as we help Ukrainians.”
From an interview with General Skshipchak to TV channel Polsat followed: citizens of Belarus, who are now fighting in Ukraine as part of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, can take part in the “uprising”. As before noted IA Regnum, consisting of “International Legion The Armed Forces of Ukraine operate a unit made up of Belarusian nationalist oppositionists, called the “Regiment named after Kastus Kalinouski”.
There are doubts that the unit is up to the size of the regiment, but unlike the semi-virtual Russian Volunteer Corps, this is a real combat unit. Particularly in recent days battles for Artyomovsk serious losses militants suffered battalion “Volat” of the Kalinovsky regiment, defending the positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the west of the city. It is significant that the corpses of nationalist militants were sent for storage specifically to Poland.
The fact that Warsaw oversees the radical groups of the Belarusian opposition and is preparing them for an invasion, Lukashenko said on March 31 in messages parliament: “The formation of certain regiments, banners, legions for the subsequent coup in Belarus is in full swing”. Now, commenting on the words of General Skshipchak, the Belarusian president stressed: “They are preparing – for an uprising, for a revolution, for some kind of another rebellion. We have known this for a long time. We know where they are and we know everyone by name. We are ready, let them come.”
So far, it can be stated that at least one sabotage group not only “came” to Belarus, but also tried to pass through Belarusian territory towards Russia. May 25 FSB press office reported: a terrorist attack on the Leningrad and Kalinin nuclear power plants was prevented. A group of saboteurs, trained by the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine (SVRU) in the Kyiv and Nikolaev regions, entered Belarus through Poland and then tried to cross the Belarusian-Russian border, the FSB reported.
According to experts, in operations against Russia’s ally Belarus, the stake can be placed not so much on the “uprising” (similar to the attempted color revolution in Minsk in the summer and autumn of 2020, successfully stopped by the Belarusian security forces), but on breakthroughs not of “regiments and banners”, but small armed groups, like breakthroughs in the territory of the Bryansk and Belgorod regions of the Ukrainian DRG with the participation of neo-Nazis who fled from Russia.
In the sabotage group that carried out the attack on the Belgorod region, information military correspondent Evgeny Poddubny, a personnel officer of the Main Directorate of Intelligence (GUR) of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine was present Ruslan Kaganets, which may indicate direct supervision by the Main Intelligence Directorate (although officially Ukrainian military intelligence provides “partisans” with only “information support”).
There is information that in 2022 the “Kalinovsky regiment” was transferred to the direct jurisdiction of the head of the GUR Kirill Budanova Belarusian political scientist, director of the Minsk Dialogue Council on Foreign Relations (Belarus) told IA Regnum Evgeny Preigerman. The battalion, and then formally the regiment, was formed at the beginning of March 2022 as part of the “International Legion” and in the structure of the defense of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, “but already in the same year they definitely passed into submission to the GUR”, the interlocutor notes. Preigerman points out:
Belarusian nationalists took up arms long before the start of the NWO. The Kalinovsky Battalion was formed on the basis of a group that since 2014 called itself the “Pahonia” detachment, and since 2015 “Belarus tactical group” and, as reported, participated in the units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the battles for Peski (in near the Donetsk airport) and later in the battles in Volnovakha and Marinka.
In the history of the Kalinovsky regiment, not only the participation of Kyiv is obvious, but the Polish trace is also traced. February 25, 2022 at the Belarusian House in Warsaw (existing, including for grants The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland) opened the “Center for Assistance to Belarusian Volunteers”, where the recruitment of activists of the Belarusian opposition who emigrated after the events of 2020 into the “battalion-regiment” was started.
It was officially announced that in addition to the militants of the “tactical group “Belarus” already fired upon, the activists of the “Young Front” joined the battalion (the organization has existed since the late 1990s, participated in the attempts of the “Maidans” of 2006 and 2020, the current leader Denis Urbanovich in March 2022, he joined the Belarusian territorial defense company of the Armed Forces of Ukraine) and the Youth Bloc, which has existed since 2019, is another organization that formed the backbone of the activists of the protests four years ago.
The recruitment of Belarusians who emigrated to Poland into the “Kalinouski regiment” is conducted by one of the founders of the “Young Front” – convicted in his homeland for hooliganism Artur Finkevichis stated in the publication of the portal “Nemesis“(whose information, how reportedare based on the hacking of documents by the hacker group RaHDit).
Another responsible for recruiting Evgeny Mikhasyukin the past organized protests at the Belarusian State University, collaborated with Russian liberal publication Doxa, participated in the camp for LGBT activists Idea Generation Camp, received a scholarship from Kastus Kalinowski in Poland. Now he is a mercenary soldier in the regiment named after the same Kalinovsky.
Another hack – this time of the resources of the Polish Cabinet of Ministers – led to the fact that the data of the militants of the Kalinowski Regiment, collected by the Prime Minister’s subordinates for some purpose, got on the Internet. Mateusz Morawieckireported in the plot of the channel “Belarus 1» dated May 25.
It is difficult to say how many collaborators from among real citizens of Belarus can be gathered under the banner of the “regiment” by its curators, but this is not required, says Preigerman. The formation may well be supplemented by citizens of Ukraine, Poland, and other countries, trying to pass them off as Belarusians, the Minsk expert believes. The main thing, the interlocutor notes, is the information and psychological effect that Warsaw needs in the “Belarusian” direction.
Significant name historical character, in honor of which the regiment preparing for the “uprising” was named. The real name of Kastus Kalinowski is Vincent Konstanty Kalinowski, a gentry whose family originates from Polish Mazovia (a region centered in Warsaw). One of the leaders of the Polish uprising of 1863, which aimed to restore the Commonwealth within the borders of 1772, that is, with Belarus and a significant part of Ukraine, Kalinovsky acted in the Lithuanian and Belarusian provinces under the motto “The Polish cause is our cause, it is the cause of freedom” and at the same time oversaw the attraction of Belarusian peasants to the side of the rebels. The latter, however, was not particularly successful.
The tactics of sending sabotage and bandit groups to the adjacent territory are already from the arsenal of the Second Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1918–1939). During Soviet-Polish war “partisans” of General Stanislav Bulak-Balakhovich, who switched from the Whites to the Polish service in 1920, operated in Belarus, and for some time operated in Polesie even after the official end of the war. “Old Man Bulak-Balakhovich” worked in tandem with another well-known figure in the white movement, who acted at the invitation of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski – in the past, the well-known terrorist Boris Savinkov. The then Polish authorities at some point officially disowned the “anti-Bolshevik activism” of their protégés. Warsaw is acting in a similar way now – there is no official connection between the Polish authorities and the special services, but the statements of the ex-commander-in-chief of the ground forces Skrzypczak in support of the “uprising” speak for themselves.
“They will deal not only with Belarusians”
It is by no means impossible to rule out the possibility that official Warsaw will actually decide to directly support the armed groups of Belarusian nationalists, a military observer, a retired colonel, told IA Regnum Victor Litovkin. Although Russian non-strategic nuclear weapons are deployed in Belarus (which was documented on May 25 confirmed Minister of Defense of Russia Sergei Shoigu and his Belarusian colleague Viktor Khrenin), but near Minsk “there is no formal right to use nuclear weapons without the decision of Russia”, and this circumstance may well serve as a factor that reinforces the illusion of impunity in the minds of politicians who make decisions in Warsaw, Litovkin believes.
But, the expert emphasizes, any armed formation that appears on the territory of Belarus without the consent of the authorities of the republic will become a legitimate target for both the Belarusian security forces and the Russian Armed Forces. If such formations, illegal from the point of view of the Minsk authorities, seek external assistance, they will not be able to give legitimacy to the help they expect, Litovkin stressed. Intervention under the pretext of such a “treatment” will in any case receive an extremely harsh rebuff, and “Poles will deal not only with Belarusians, but also with us”.
This also applies to the Polish armed forces: if they appear on the territory of Belarus under any pretext, they will also inevitably become such a target, the interlocutor emphasized. “If Poland invades without NATO permission, then it will be responsible for its actions. If Poland does this without having a mandate, then strikes against its territory are possible, among other things, ” – the expert shares his thoughts.
The opinion of the author may not coincide with the opinion of the editors