The pandemic did not have the best effect on the birth rate, reducing its level in 18 developed countries. The south of Europe suffered the most.
The obtained data are reported by PNAS magazine, publishing the results of a study of American and European demographers led by Seth Sanders, head of the department of labor economics at Cornell University in the USA. People are required! Latvia has the fifth largest population loss in the world
Demographers found that of the 22 countries surveyed, seven experienced significant surpluses and significant declines in fertility. In Portugal, for example, as well as in Spain and Italy, the birth rate fell by 6-9%. The situation is slightly better in Austria and Belgium, but even there it decreased by 5.2-5.5% compared to the values before the pandemic.
Researchers draw attention to data obtained in earlier surveys, at an early stage of the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak, conducted in Germany, Spain, France, and the UK. During that difficult period, 73% of those planning to have a baby in 2020 abandoned their plans. In the United States, the decline in fertility in 2020 was recorded at 3.8% compared to 2019.
However, scientists have found the opposite effect of the pandemic’s impact on fertility. In the countries of northern Europe, over the past year and a half, it has grown. Sanders and his colleagues suggest that the reason may be the developed social support of the population and the relatively small scale of the pandemic in these countries.
Previously our edition wrote about a new threat due to the coronavirus, which scientists discovered: a strong demographic decline is coming.