June 24, 2024

Athens News

News in English from Greece

Ancient mosaic of ancient Greek goddess of epic poetry found in Turkey


A mosaic depicting an ancient Greek muse was discovered in southern Turkey during excavations in the ancient city of Side.

Archaeologists have found a mosaic floor that dates back to the 2nd century BC. e. It depicts the muse of eloquence Calliope, writes Arkeonews, citing information Ministry of Culture and tourism of the Turkish Republic.

Archaeological excavations in this ancient city have been ongoing since the 1940s, but it is unknown how many more unique artifacts are located underground – the finds continue to delight archaeologists. Local authorities are demolishing illegal structures in Side and restoring the city's historical buildings. It was during the work that a mosaic floor was discovered, decorated with the image of the oldest of the ancient Greek muses.

According to ancient Greek legends, Calliope was the goddess of epic poetry – in this image she was depicted with a tablet and a feather or scroll. The Minister of Culture and Tourism of Turkey enthusiastically commented on the find:

“An exciting discovery! We continue our work to find and protect our cultural and historical heritage.”

The city of Side, where the discovery was made, is located 80 km east of Antalya. The appearance of the image there can be explained by the fact that in ancient times the settlement was the most important port city of Pamphylia, a historical region of Turkey inhabited by the Hellenes. However, the name of the one founded in the 8th century BC. e. The city comes from the language of the Luwians, the oldest local people.

From the 7th century BC e. the city lived under the rule of different peoples, in particular the Luwians, Persians, Romans and Ottomans. After the 12th century, the inhabitants abandoned Side due to robberies and attacks from neighboring kingdoms. Most of them migrated to Antalya.

*Calliope in ancient Greek mythology is the muse of epic poetry, science and philosophy. According to the etymology of Diodorus, she received her name from the proclamation of a beautiful word. The eldest daughter of Zeus and Mnemosyne. Mother of Orpheus and Linus by Apollo. According to one version, Res's mother. According to version, she gave birth to Homer from Apollo.



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