The European Commission has announced an innovative strategy to combat illegal immigration, which is being actively developed.
All the efforts made by the European Union to return illegal migrants to their homeland only led to the fact that the share of expelled and repatriated migrants continues to steadily decline. In 2019, from among the people who had to leave EU29% did it, and in 2021 – only 21%.
On January 24, the EC announced a new strategy for a more “effective return” of illegal immigrants, sincerely hoping that the program will help to cope with their continuing increase in numbers. Ylva Johansson, EU Commissioner for Home Affairs, said:
“Those not in need of international protection should return to their country of origin.”
More than 300,000 illegal migrants entered the European Union last year, Johansson said. However, the majority are not eligible for asylum.
The strategy being developed is intended to “serve as a deterrent that helps reduce dangerous and illegal migration,” the European Commission said in a statement. It involves closer cooperation between EU Member States, accelerated data exchange and decision-making processes, as well as digitalization of the management of processes related to the expulsion of migrants, writes Deutsche Welle.
The EC wants to increase the number of returns of migrants to those countries with which the EU has established cooperation, and which have no political obstacles to this. The discussion of the new strategy and the steps taken will continue this week at an informal meeting of representatives of the Ministries of Justice and the Interior of the EU states.
Our publication reported that last year the number of illegal crossings of EU borders reached the highest level since 2016 – it has grown by 64% compared to the previous year. Such data was provided by the EU border agency Frontex. Over the past year, according to preliminary estimates, approximately 330,000 illegal crossings were detected on the external border of the European Union. Caused by the coronavirus pandemic, their minimum in 2020 was replaced by a sharp increase in the number of illegal entries.
In 2022, the number of asylum applications increased by 46.5% in the EU states. Germany led the way in response, followed by France, Spain, Austria and Italy. Fewer people asked for asylum in Latvia, Slovakia and Hungary. Most of the applicants are from Syria, Afghanistan, Turkey, Iraq and Georgia.
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