For the first time since 1950, the birth rate in the world began to decline, the population growth rate was below one percent.
According to Deutsche Welle, for the first time in relative terms, the world population is increasing so slowly. Although by November of this year, as experts predict, the number of people on our planet will reach 8 billion people.
Statistics on this indicator began in 1950, and for the first time in the past 72 years, the growth rate of the world population fell below 1% per year, the Stiftung Weltbevölkerung – DSW, the German Foundation “Population of the Earth” reported on July 11. More precisely, as experts inform, it amounted to 0.8%.
The life expectancy in the world has also decreased: by 1.8 years compared to 2019, to 71 years. Analysts attribute this to the coronavirus pandemic. However, this decline does not mean a change in global demographic trends. In absolute terms, the authors of the study emphasize, the population of the Earth is still increasing. Today it is 7,977,000,000 people, and by November 15, the number of people living on the planet will reach eight billion.
Demographers claim that the population is currently increasing by about 180,000 people a day, or 66 million a year. The peak of population is expected in the 2080s, when the planet will be home to about 10.4 billion people. Population growth is primarily due to high birth rates in developing countries. Angela Ber, deputy managing director of the fund, explains:
“In the global south, many women are still having more children than they would like. This is evidenced by high birth rates, for example, in sub-Saharan Africa.”
According to Behr, in this region, there are an average of 4.6 children per woman, which is twice the world average. The reason is banal – the lack of sex education and low access to contraceptives, writes bb.lv