A paradoxical situation has developed for Greece, due to a long-term brain drain. With fairly solid unemployment (about 18%), there is a serious shortage of specialists, and in almost all sectors of the economy.
The Employment Service (ΟΑΕΔ) reports that, as in previous programs of this and last year, there is a shortage of specialists in 2022. According to preliminary results obtained by ΔΥΠΑ, 2,981 jobs remained unfilled, while in the previous program, out of 36,500 jobs, only 28,000 jobs were filled.
Reportedly on the service websitethe goal of the next action of ΟΑΕΔ “is to strengthen the employment of the unemployed, with a focus mainly on vulnerable groups of the population who face a high risk of exclusion from the support program (low-skilled and long-term registered) and must work in a “protected environment” to get out to the labor market and avoid marginalization while maintaining their employability.At the same time, the program aims to increase the level of knowledge and skills of the unemployed through training of up to 150 hours in 11 thematic blocks, which will allow them to receive certificates in specialties and increase employment of the unemployed,” the authors of the program report.
“In total, it will involve 11,801 unemployed people for compulsory training in new specialties, 6,575 unemployed people for secondary vocational education, 3,114 for technical education and 3,510 unemployed for university education, who will be employed in 170 different professional specialties. At the same time, the 25,000 unemployed will be distributed in the following order:
- Municipalities: 20,397 posts (81.6%) (in distribution, the needs of municipalities affected by the catastrophic fires of last summer increased).
- Regions: 2566 seats (10.3%).
- Decentralized administrations: 348 posts (1.4%).
- Other bodies: 1689 posts (6.7%).
The action is aimed at:
- involvement in public works of long-term unemployed and vulnerable groups in the labor market;
- improving the skills of the unemployed,
- meeting the social needs of the unemployed,
- combination of the productive capacity of the unemployed with the needs of the local community.
In particular, the program is included in the following priority areas:
- modernization of services provided to citizens by local governments and maintenance of municipal infrastructure,
- modernizing the work of municipal services with a focus on encouraging the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs),
- cleaning and cleaning
- customization services/environmental maintenance,
- support and improvement of educational services,
- improving the provision of social services and public benefit services of public administration to citizens in need due to the consequences of the financial crisis,
- environmental actions to protect the biodiversity of protected areas in order to develop and preserve sustainable populations and ecosystems,
- transition to a circular economy,
- protection and promotion of cultural heritage and improvement of services provided by the cultural sector to citizens,
- improvement of sports infrastructure and services provided in the field of sports.
The purpose of the action is to promote the employment of the unemployed registered in the OAED register (beneficiaries) by employing them for a total period of eight (8) months in accordance with law 4152/2013, with the conditions that will be indicated in the public invitation distributed to the municipalities, regions, regional centers of social protection (CCPP)/related bodies, departments of ministries and other bodies (supervisory bodies). As well as participation in training to further strengthen and improve the skills of the unemployed, in combination with their employment in order to achieve the goal of their integration / reintegration into the labor market.
Training will take place in licensed centers throughout the entire time. Participation in the training campaign is mandatory for beneficiaries under the age of 54, and for beneficiaries aged 55 years and over it is optional,” the authors of the program sum up.
In fact, the authorities are trying to implement a public works program that, with more or less success, has been carried out for many years in various European countries. Most of these works do not have any real value (benefit), and their goal is to try to somehow “stir up” the long-term unemployed, push them to change their lifestyle, an attempt to instill a desire (taste) for work.
How effective this will be is another question, since most of the Greek unemployed, who have been registered with employment centers for a long time, are not, as they are engaged in private illegal part-time jobs. And the rest have no desire to change their lifestyle or profession.