Fakes and lies around the war in Ukraine. Part 3

Propaganda and disinformation during the war is a common thing, one might say, familiar. That’s just in everything there should be at least some minimum ethical standards. Unfortunately, these norms have now been completely destroyed.

We continue our column “Fake news about the war in Ukraine”. Beginning see part 1, 2.

Fake #11 Millions of users watch a video game thinking it’s a war in Ukraine.

A video posted to Facebook shows an American F-22 Raptor jet colliding with an air defense system in Ukraine.

Rebuttal:

The video in question is a digital simulation of the ARMA 3 video game and has nothing to do with current events in Ukraine.

The video, which has garnered hundreds of thousands of views and is circulating on social media, is accompanied by a description that shows an American F-22 Raptor aircraft colliding with an air defense system. However, this statement is false.

Controversial Facebook post:

What applies

The video is fragment from a video game ARMA 3 and has been available online since at least 2021.

In the video we see a digital representation showing a collision between an American close support aircraft A-10 Warthog and faulty C-RAM system Phalanx. The pictured system is an improved version of the Phalanx called C-RAM and can used on ground platforms.

Fake #12

Russia says it has targeted Greece with nuclear weapons

Rebuttal:

The allegation that Russia “aided the use of nuclear weapons on Greece” has no basis. The official website of the Kremlin, i.e. the President of Russia, which is used as the source of the controversial statement, does not contain any such statement that mentions a nuclear attack on Greece. Similarly, there is no corresponding statement from the Russian ministries of foreign affairs and defense.

On February 28, 2022, reports were published claiming that Russia announced that it had targeted Greece with nuclear weapons because it had become one of the countries responsible for delivering weapons to Ukraine. However, there is no official confirmation of this claim.

We have seen these posts on sites pronews.gr , defensenet.gr , catohika.gr , linkednow.gr , diktiospartakos.blogspot.com .

The publications reviewed state the following:

Russia announces nuclear attack on Greece

The Kremlin has announced that countries responsible for transferring weapons to Ukraine will be targeted by Russian nuclear weapons.
Russia announced a nuclear attack on Greece after sending military equipment from Greece to Ukraine.
The main targets will be Alexandroupolis, which has been converted into a US base, and Souda, which is a NATO base.

What false materials were used

On February 24, 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine. A number of economic sanctions were imposed on Russia, and at least 30 NATO members promised military aid to Ukraine.

February 27, 2022 year became knownthat Greece, a NATO member, decided to send two S-130 transport aircraft with military equipment to Ukraine through Poland, as well as humanitarian aid.

Media claims of Russia targeting Greece are based on two Twitter posts ( here And here ), which, however, do not come from the accounts of the official body and do not provide information about the origin of the application.

It is a fact that Russian President Vladimir Putin on February 27, 2022 led its nuclear forces on “alert”, citing NATO’s “aggressive statements” and harsh economic sanctions, raising fears that an invasion of Ukraine could lead to nuclear war, either by design or by mistake.

About this the President of Russia declared during a meeting with the leadership of the armed forces of his country, which was broadcast on state television:

I order the Ministry of Defense and the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces to put the deterrence forces of the Russian Army on a special alert regime.
As you can see, Western countries are not only taking hostile measures against our country economically – I mean illegal sanctions, which we all know very well – but high-ranking officials of NATO leaders allow themselves to make aggressive statements towards our country.

None of the statements by the Russian president mentions targeting specific countries and, of course, Greece.

The articles in question specifically state: “The Kremlin has announced that countries responsible for transferring weapons to Ukraine will be targeted by Russian nuclear weapons.” However, on the official website of the Kremlin, ie. Russian President, there is no such announcement. The last entry about Greece was made 08/12/2021 and has nothing to do with current events. Similarly, there is no corresponding statement from the Russian ministries foreign affairs And defense.

Conclusion

The allegation that Russia aimed nuclear weapons at Greece has no basis. The official website of the Kremlin, i.e. the President of Russia, which is used as the source of the controversial statement, does not contain any statements that mention a nuclear attack on Greece.

Fake #12 Ukraine has not officially registered its borders with the UN, therefore it remains a province of the USSR and, accordingly, Russia. Rebuttal: The publications reviewed make assertions that are not supported by citations of similar official sources. In particular, they claim that UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon (2007-2016) vaguely stated that Ukraine had not registered its borders since 12/25/1991. However, there is no official record of this statement anywhere. In 2003, Ukraine and Russia signed the highest level of mutual recognition of their land borders, and in 2004 the treaty was ratified by the respective national parliaments. In short, Moscow has officially recognized Ukraine’s land border. Who publishes this fake: Examples: nikolaosanaximandros.gr , triklopodia.gr , taxydromos.gr , ksipnistere.com.

Facebook post example:

What applies

The statement about the absence of official borders in Ukraine first appeared in April 2014 on the Russian-language website of the organization “Ukrainian choice“. Message loadedbut saved at the Wayback Machine Online Archive. This organization belongs Viktor Medvedchuk. Vladimir Putin and wife of then Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev are the godmothers of MedvedChuka, which testifies to their close relationship. Therefore, it can be traced clear connection pages of “Ukrainian Choice” and the policy of the organization as a whole with the Kremlin.

At the beginning of February 2022, the claim reappeared on Slovak sites and then spread to other countries, including Greece.

Chronology

As the Soviet Union began to disintegrate in 1990–1991, the legislature of the then Soviet Socialist Republic of Ukraine declared sovereignty on July 16, 1990, and then full independence on August 24, 1991, which was confirmed by a popular vote in a referendum on December 1, 1991. With the final collapse of the Soviet Union in December 1991, it gains full independence, and the country changes its official name to Ukraine.

All of the above publications make claims, but they are not supported by citing similar official sources. In particular, they argue that the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (2007-2016) vaguely stated that Ukraine had not registered its borders since 12/25/1991. However, there is no official record of this statement anywhere.

There is also a vague reference to the CIS Treaty, according to which the territory of Ukraine is a region of the USSR. CIS — Commonwealth of Independent States, a regional international organization founded a few days before the collapse of the USSR (12/26/1991), and its constituent countries are former Soviet republics formed after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Ukraine actually left the Commonwealth in 2018. IN CIS Charter, signed on 01/22/1993, nowhere is it mentioned that Ukraine is an administrative region of the USSR, not to mention Russia. On the contrary, Article 3 clearly states:

In order to achieve the goals of the Commonwealth, the member states, in accordance with the universally recognized norms of international law and the Helsinki Final Act, build their relations on the following interrelated and equal principles: respect for the sovereignty of the member states, the inalienable right of peoples to self-determination and the right to determine their own destiny without outside interference, the inviolability of state borders, the recognition of existing borders and the renunciation of illegal territorial annexations, the territorial integrity of states and the renunciation of violence or the threat of violence against the political independence of a Member State, the settlement of disputes by peaceful means so as not to threaten international peace, security and justice, the rule of international law, transnational relations; non-interference in the internal and external affairs of another …

IN 2003 d. Ukraine and Russia signed the highest level of mutual recognition of their land borders, and in 2004 d. the treaty was ratified by the respective national parliaments. In short, Moscow has officially recognized Ukraine’s land border, which means it does not belong to Russia.

Conclusion

From the foregoing, it is clear that Ukraine is an independent country, the borders of which are clearly defined and recognized at the international level.

This publication uses research site Ellinika Hoaxes.

Cm. Part 1 , 2





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