Ukraine: latest news, martial law is in force in the country

Russian tanks in the Kherson region. Shelling in Odessa. A shell hit Uman, a civilian died, five were in the hospital.

Russian tanks entered the Kherson region, shooting began, the newspaper reports “The country”. There is an intense firefight from automatic weapons near Genichesk, in the village of Rykovo. The settlement is located in the Kherson region, not far from the border with Crimea. Earlier, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine reported about the crossing of the border with Crimea by Russian tanks. Eyewitnesses report that tanks with the letter “Z” on board are in Rykovo.

This morning, the Verkhovna Rada, after Putin announced a “special operation” against Ukraine, and the Russian army began to strike at military facilities in Ukraine, introduced martial law in Ukraine.

We remind you what the status of martial law means.

Mobilization
Martial law does not mean immediate mobilization, but work can be carried out with the reserve of the first stage. However, they can announce a general call.

The work of banks
The decision to introduce martial law will not affect the operation of the banking system. Bank branches and offices will operate as usual.

Movement restriction
According to a document recently adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, restrictions on movement during the introduction of martial law mean the following: it will not be possible to sign out and register in the territory where martial law has been declared. An exception was made for discharge with simultaneous registration where there is no martial law. This applies to both registration and declaration of residence – a new option that was introduced recently. That is, we are not talking about restricting the actual movement along the streets, but about a ban on the official change of residence. Apparently, this was adopted in order to make it easier for Ukrainians to be drafted into the army during martial law.

Roadblocks
Checkpoints should be organized in martial law regions. They are usually organized at the entrances and exits of the city. They check transport and documents. Also, at the discretion of the authorities in martial law regions, they can establish a special entry-exit regime, a curfew.

Public Works
Martial law provides for the introduction of labor service for able-bodied persons to connect them to work of a defensive nature and in the needs of the Armed Forces. In fact, this means that the authorities can “pull out” any person, sending them, for example, to dig trenches. The exception is persons who are issued “armor” at the place of work. At the same time, they can pay for the performance of public works.

Alienation of property for the benefit of defense
Any private or communal property, if necessary, may be forcibly alienated. In exchange for a confiscated car, equipment or goods, the owner must be given a “document of the established form”, as well as state guarantees for compensation.

Prohibition on holding rallies
According to the law on the legal regime, martial law provides for a ban on holding any mass events and rallies.

Media censorship
During the period of martial law, the authorities are given the right to “regulate”, that is, interfere with the work of all types of mass media that can be used by the military for explanatory work.

Cancellation of elections
In regions under martial law, referendums and elections cannot be held, from presidential to voting in local elections.

“No alcohol law”
The authorities may impose a restriction on the sale of alcohol – in general or for a limited time, for example, to ban the sale of alcohol at night.

Special mode of operation of critically important enterprises and institutions
During the introduction of martial law, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and border guards switch to an enhanced mode of operation. Critical enterprises, such as Ukroboronprom, are being transferred to a special mode of operation. Also, the authorities should identify hospitals throughout the country, where, if necessary, they will evacuate the military, police and civilians. In such hospitals, there should be a supply of blood products, necessary medicines and a reserve of places in departments and intensive care units.

Women’s call
Also, during martial law, women liable for military service can be called up, the list of which has been significantly expanded in Ukraine. However, since this process has just begun, and even this list of professions finally approved by the Ministry of Justice does not exist, the question arises of how this will happen in reality and whether women will actually be drafted.

Travel ban for officials
The list of restricted officials includes governors, ministers, people’s deputies, civil servants of the highest category, heads of central executive authorities, heads of critical infrastructure organizations.



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