The National Transparency Agency ΕΑΔ (Εθνική Αρχή Διαφάνειας) presented its research on the forum “1ο Φόρουμ Ακεραιότητας” and what Greeks think about corruption and bribery.
The problem of preventing corruption in Greece “needs to be addressed”, said 2 out of 3 respondents in a survey conducted by the national transparency office. The respondents believe that corruption is more prevalent in public works and public procurement, in the political system and in the media. This is the trio that stood out from most of the responses.
At the same time, 87% of respondents, that is, almost 9 out of 10, said that “corruption is never or rarely punished in the country.” The survey was conducted among 777 participants in electronic form. The questions related to corruption in the country and “how important is the problem of corruption”. 97% rate it from “very important” to “quite important”.
The next question was related to the areas of corruption and was: “Which of the following areas, in your opinion, are most susceptible to corruption?” Answers: public works and procurement in the public sector (62%), political system (59%), media (48%), municipalities and regions (39%), administration and justice (21%), healthcare delivery (18%) , issuing building permits (14%), law enforcement (11%), private business and licensing (3%).
Another question: “Do you think that the chances of corruption increase in situations of emergency / natural disaster / pandemics?” 80% answered in the affirmative, and 20 either did not answer (7%) or answered negatively (13%).
The next question was: “What are the most important factors in the existence of corruption?” The answers were as follows:
punishment of corrupt officials 85% lack of transparency in the activities of government agencies 43% indifference of the government 40% lack of a clear legislative (regulatory) framework 34% insufficient use of new technologies in relations between the state and the citizen 27% human greed 25% ignorance of citizens’ rights in relation to public administration 20%.
The next question is: “If you witnessed a corruption incident or a direct victim of corruption, would you report it?” To which replies were received:
yes, maybe – 56%, I’m not sure – 39%, no – 2%, I don’t know, I can’t answer – 3%.
And to the additional question: “Why don’t you file a complaint?”, The respondents answered as follows:
there is no protection for those who complain – 50%, it is difficult to prove the facts – 22%, I am afraid of the consequences – 17%, it does not matter (yes, okay …, a conniving attitude towards giving a bribe) 6%, everyone knows about these cases , and no one does anything in this regard – 6%.
To the question: “If you want to report corruption involving a government official, which of the following institutions would you trust most?”:
national transparency body 65%, justice (courts, prosecutors) 51%, ombudsman 49%, competent European Union services 33%, police 19%, media 10%, non-governmental organizations 4%, trade unions 2%, citizen service centers 1%, MPs , mayors, municipal councilors 1%. …