Radical changes will occur in terms of operation (use) of housing and cars. This is evidenced by the new climate law, which will come into force in the next 2 years.
Many changes have been made to the law: compulsory home insurance if you live in a fire or flood risk zone, and all taxis must be electrified after 4 years.
The new climate law will ban the sale of new cars that run on gasoline or diesel fuel, and anyone who builds real estate in a high-risk area of fire or flood will have to insure it or they will not be led or connected to electricity. Greece aims for zero CO2 emissions by 2050. Changes must be implemented strictly on schedule.
What will change:
From 2023, the use of fuel oil for heating where there is a gas network will be prohibited. This also applies to new buildings. Since 2030, a ban on the use of fuel oil has been in effect. From 2025, all new taxis in Athens and Thessaloniki will be electric. The same should apply for 1/3 of new rented cars. From 2023, 1/4 of new registered vehicles of private companies must be electric vehicles or hybrid electric vehicles with external emissions of up to 50 g CO2 / km. From 2030, new registered vehicles must have zero emissions. From 2023, individual companies will have to submit an annual report on their CO2 emissions for the previous year. The report must be completed during the first quarter of each year. From 2025, the installation of fuel oil boilers and engines (καυστήρων πετρελαίου) will be banned altogether.
Recall that the European Union intends to neutralize its carbon dioxide emissions by 2050. MEPs overwhelmingly approved the climate law in Brussels. Its goal is to make the EU a leading force and model in the global community’s fight against climate change and in the prevention of natural disasters.
Climate law is at the heart of the EU Green Deal. The European Commission promises to present new, more ambitious proposals for the prevention of climate change. They will take into account the recent technological possibilities.
The country introduced its first climate law, which aims for climate neutrality by 2050. In the short and medium term, it intends to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 and by 80% by 2040. The text includes a ban on the sale of new combustion vehicles and on the use of oil burners in all new buildings from 2023 in areas where there is sufficient gas supply. In addition, Greece plans to modernize the licensing process for new renewable energy projects, including offshore wind parks and energy storage projects. The hydrocarbon management committee will also be transformed.
CO2 emissions from energy use grew rapidly until 2007 (+ 39% above 1990 levels). Since then, they have been decreasing (by an average of 4.4% / year) and in 2019 amounted to 57 MtCO2, which is 19% below the 1990 level. According to preliminary estimates, CO2 emissions decreased by almost 19% in 2020.