Russian President Vladimir Putin wrote an article about Ukraine “On the Historical Unity of Russians and Ukrainians.” It was published on the Kremlin’s official website and has already caused controversial comments. We offer it unchanged.
Recently, answering a question about Russian-Ukrainian relations during the Direct Line , he said that Russians and Ukrainians are one people, a single whole. These words – not a tribute to some conditions, the current poly – ti – cal circumstances. I have spoken about this more than once, this is my conviction. Therefore, I consider it necessary to state its position in detail, share estimates segod – nowcast situation.
Immediately, I stress that the wall has arisen in recent years between Russia and Ukraine, between the parts, by essence, a historical and spirits – Foot space is perceived as a greater overall disaster as a tragedy. This, above all, the consequences of our Own – governmental mistakes made in different periods. But and purposeful result – direction – designed studies of the forces that have always tried to under – ryvu our unity. The formula that is used is known from time immemorial: divide and conquer. Nothing new. Hence the attempts to play on the national question, to sow discord between people. BUT as a super task – to divide, and then play off parts of a single people among themselves.
To better understand the present and look into the future, we must turn to history. Of course, within the framework of the article it is impossible to cover all the events that have occurred over a thousand years. But I will dwell on those key, turning points that are important for us – both in Russia and in Ukraine – to remember.
And Russian and Ukrainians, and Belarusians – the heirs of ancient Russia are cereals – Nation state in Europe. Slavic and other Tribes – exchange on the vast easy – of the space – from Ladoga, Novgorod, Pskov to Kiev and Chernigov – were united by one language (we now call it the Old Russian) owners – Art – governmental relations, the power of the princes of the Rurik dynasty. And after the baptism of Russia – and one Orthodox faith. Spirits – ny choice of Saint Vladi – world that was and Novgorod, and the Grand Duke of Kiev, and now in many ways defines our relationship.
Kyiv principalities took glavenst – the relevant provisions in the Old Russian state. This has been the practice since the end of the 9th century. Words Prophetic Oleg of Kiev: “Yes is the mother of Goro – ladies Russian – skim” – save – the Nile for then – Cove “Tale of Bygone Years”.
Later, like other European gosu – darstva that time, Old Russia was faced with the weakening of the central government, has shattered – laziness. At the same time, and to know, and ordinary people sensing – Nima Russia as a general easy – of the space as their Fatherland.
After a break – shi – tion Batu’s invasion, when many of the city, including – of tea Kiev, were devastated, just – crushed – laziness has increased. Northeast Russia hit the Horde dependence – bridge, but has retained the restriction – chen – ny Suvero – ordre. The southern and western Russian lands in mostly entered the composition of Veli – who Principality LTL – Skogen, which want Obra – tit on this account, ISTO – – historical texts called – valos Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Russian.
Representatives of the princes and boyars transitions – Dili on service from one prince to Drew – Goma, at odds with each other, but and friends, made alliances. On Cooley – kovom field next to the Grand Duke of Mos – -bank Dmit – Receiving Ivanovic fought governor Bobrok with Volyn, sons of Grand Duke Litovs – one Ol – Gerda – Andrew of Polotsk and Dmitry Bryansk. At the same time troops to connect to Mamai led the Lithuanian Grand Duke Jagiello – son Tver Knyazh – us. All this – pages of our common history, reflection – voltage of its complexity and multidimensionality.
Importantly, and in the western and in the eastern Russian – Sgiach lands spoke one language. Vera was right – glorious. Up until the middle of the XV century, preserves – nyalos single church administration.
At a new stage of historical development, both Lithuanian Rus and the strengthening Muscovite Rus could become points of attraction, consolidation of the territories of Ancient Rus. History Raspaud – ryadilas so that reunification center, continued – alive – PWM traditions of ancient sovereigns – Article – – vennosti, was Moscow. Mos – CLNI – Kie princes – descendants of the prince Alexan – the core of News – anyone – Resetting external yoke, began collecting historic Russian lands.
In the Grand Duchy of Lithuania were other pro – processes. In the 14th century, the ruling elite of Lithuania converted to Catholicism. In the XVI century, it was Zack – Liu – Chen to the Union of Lublin Polish Coro – levstvom – way – va – familiarize “Rzeczpospolita Two Nations” (in fact – the Polish and Lithuanian). Polish Catholic nobility gained considerable – tion of land ownership and under – vi – Legia on the territory of Russia. According to the Union of Brest 1596 , part of the West-Russian right – nice clergy subordinated – nilas authority of the Pope. Held Polonised – vanie and Latini – tion, orthodoxy supplanted.
As a response, in the XVI – the XVII centuries grew to master the – body – relative motion of the Orthodox NACE – Lenia raised – Provo. Fracture – GOVERNMENTAL were the events BPE – myeon Hetman Bohdan Hops – the Nice. His supporters tried to achieve autonomy from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The petition troops Zaporizhzhya king of the Commonwealth in 1649 , he was saying about respecting the rights of the Russian Orthodox population, that “the governor Kiev – sky was Russian people and the law greches – someone not to step on the Church of God …”. But the Cossacks did not hear.
Followed by Obra – scheniya B. Khmelnitsky Moscow, which considered the Zemsky Sobor. 1653 October 1 , this higher pre – hundred – pheno- authority of the Russian state decided to support the united – Woertz and take them under protection. In January 1654 the year of the Pereyaslav Rada decision was Confirm – REPRESENTATIONS. Then, after B. Hops – the Nice and Moscow toured dozens of cities, including Kiev residents koto – ryh sworn in Russian – skom king. Nothing of the sort – Foot, by the way, not been at conclude – chenii Union of Lublin.
In a letter to Moscow in 1654 year B. Hops – the Nice benefit – gave Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich for what it is “all troops Zaporizhzhya and the whole world right – the glorious Russian under the mighty, and a high hand of his royal deigned to accept.” That is, in appeals to both the Polish king and the Russian tsar, the Cossacks called and defined themselves as Russian Orthodox people.
In the course of a protracted war with the Russian state Rzeczpospolita some of getma – new, heirs B. Khmelnytsky, the “otla – galis” from Moscow, then searched for – Derzhko in Sweden, Poland and Turkey. But, I repeat, for the people of the war was, in fact, characterized Liberation – ter. It ended Andru – Sovski truce 1667 year. The final results were fixed by the “Eternal Peace” of 1686 . The composition of the Russian gosu – darstva entered the city of Kiev and the land on the left bank of the Dnieper, including Poltava, black – govschinu and also Zaporozhye. Their inhabitants Voss – one with a major part of Russian law – the nice people. For this region itself, the name was established – “Little Russia” (Little Russia).
The name “Ukraine” when used more frequently in the sense in which the Old Russian word “suburb” is found in the writings SOURCE – nikah more to the XII century, when it was a different time – tachometric territories. And the word “Ukrainian”, judging well as archival documents, the first – initial – but it meant the border SLE – living people, provides – Shih protection of external borders.
On the Right Bank, in the remaining speeches POSP – cast, restored the old order, increased social – ny and religious oppression. The left bank, the lands taken under the protection of a single state, on the contrary, began to actively develop. This massively resettled residents with Drew – Gogo bank of the Dnieper. They sought support from people of one language and, of course, one faith.
During the Northern War with Sweden before zhite – lyami Little did not had a choice – to whom to be. Mutiny Mazepa supported only a small part of the casa – kov. People of different classes schi – hoist himself Russian and Orthodox.
Representat – Applicants Cossack elders included in the nobility, reached in Russia heights poly – ti – Sanchez – Coy, diplo – matic, military career. Release – nicknames of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, played a leading role in the CER – Kovno life. So it was during the time of het – manstva – for essentially autonomous state Obra – mations with its special internal structure, and then – and in the Russian Empire. Little Russians in many respects and builds up a large common country, your country of her – vennost, culture, science. Participate in the development and devel – TII Ural Sibi – ri, Caucasian, Dal – it Boc – current. By the way, in the Soviet period, the natives of Ukraine knitting – mali most zna – chimye in including senior positions in the leadership of a single gosu – darstva. Suffice it to say that a total of nearly 30 years, the Communist Party headed by N. Khrushchev and Leonid raving – Neuve, whose biography was the party most closely associated with Ukraine.
During the second half of the XVIII century, after the war with the Ottoman Empire in the structure of Russia entered the Crimea, as well as the land of the Black Sea, got called – va – of “New Russia”. They settled immigrants from all Russian Huber – Nij. After the partitions of Pos – on – cast Rossiys – kai Empire regained the western ancient Russian lands for the excluded – cheniem Galicia and Transcarpathia, koto – rye were in Austria, and later – in the Austro-Vengers – Coy Empire.
Integration of the Western Russian lands in general gosu – gift – governmental simple – of the space was not only the results – that – that political and diploma – analytical solution. It took place on the basis of common faith and cultural traditions. And again, I will especially note – linguistic affinity. So, back in the early XVII century, one of the bishops of the Uniate Church, Joseph Rutsky MESSAGE – schal in Rome that the people of Muscovy called Russian of speeches get some sleep – cast his brothers, that the written language in their Sauveur – Chennault Odie – Nakov, and colloquial – Worn – though Otley – chaetsya, but insignificantly. In his words, like the inhabitants of Rome and Bergamo. This, as we know, is the center and north of modern Italy.
Of course, for many centuries, has shattered – laziness, life in different gosu – darstva any regio – -regional linguistic singularities – Nosta, says. The literary language was enriched at the expense of the folk language . Ivan Kotlyarevsky, Grigory Skovoroda, Taras Shevchenko played a huge role here. Their works are our common literary and cultural heritage. Taras Shevchenko’s poems are written in Ukrainian, while prose is mostly in Russian. Books Nico – lai Gogol, Russian patriot, a native of Poltava, written on the Russian language, full of the Little Russian folk expression – zheniyami and folk motifs. How can the hearth – shed this legacy between Russia and Ukraine? And why do that?
South-western lands of the Russian Empire, Little – Russia and New Russia, Crimea devel – valis how many – shaped by its ethnic and religious composition. Crimean Tatars, Armenians, Greeks, Jews, Karaites, Krymchaks, Bulgarians, Poles, Serbs, Germans and other peoples lived here. They all kept their faith, traditions, customs.
I ‘m not going to idealize anything. Known and Valuev Circular 1863 year and the Ems act of 1872 that had limited edition and import from the border reli – Noah and the social and Politi – cal Lite – ra – tours to the Ukrainian language. But the historical context is important here. These decisions are made on the background of the nucleus – the mother – iCal events in Poland, the desire of leaders pols – one of the national movement Execu – The Call “Ukrain – sky question” in their own interests. I should add that bad – the divine works, collections of Ukrainian poetry, folk songs continue to be published. Objective facts indicate that in the Russian Empire there was an active process of development of the Little Russian cultural identity within the framework of the large Russian nation, which united Great Russians, Little Russians and Belarusians.
At the same time in the environment of the Polish elite and some of the Little Russian intelligentsia arose and strengthen – la – were ideas about separate from Russian Ukrainian people. There was no historical basis here and there could not be, so the conclusions were based on a variety of fictions. To the extent that the Ukrainians are allegedly not Slavs at all , or, on the contrary, that the Ukrainians are real Slavs, but the Russians, “Muscovites” are not. These “hypotheses” have become increasingly used in Politi – iCal purpose as an instrument – ment of competition between European gosu – gift – art – you.
With the end of the XIX century, the Austro-Hungarian authorities under – sufficed this topic – in a counterbalance to both the Polish natsio – tional movement and moskvofilskim mood – eniyam in Galicia. In the First World War Vienna contributed to the odds – E – – po – vaniyu so-called Ukrainian Legion of sections – O archers. Galicia, zapodo – view in the sim – patiyah to great – in – glory and to Russia, podver – gall brutal repression, thrown into concentration – tional Talerhof camps and Terezin.
Further developments due to the collapse of the euro – – – -European Impe – ry, with a fierce Civil howling – Noah waged on a huge space of the former – necks of the Russian Empire, with foreign inter – crown.
After the February Revolution, in March 1917 , in Kiev, it was created Central – naya Rada, claiming – vavshaya on the role of the organ of supreme power. In November 1917 , in her third station wagon, she announced the creation of the Ukrainian People’s Republic (UPR) as part of Russia.
In December 1917 , representatives of the UPR arrived at Brest-Litovsk, which were re – telling the Soviet Russia with Germa – Nia and her allies. At the meeting on 10 January 1918 , the head of Ukrainian reality – gatsii read the note on inde – Ukraine dence. Then the Central Rada in its fourth universal proclaimed Ukraine independent.
Prodekl – arirovanny sovereignty appeared Nedolya – GIM. Just a few weeks really – gatsiya Rada under – pi – fat separate treaty with the German bloc. We are in heavy polo – zhenii Germany and Austria-Hungary needed Ukrainian bread and raw materials. To ensure delivery of large-scale, they Dobie – were consent to be sent to the UPR of its troops and techni – Sanchez – who staff. In fact, they used it as a pretext for the occupation.
Those who today gave Ukraine under full external control should remember that then, in 1918 , such a decision turned out to be fatal for the ruling regime in Kiev. For straight – IOM participation URCS – na – tional forces the Central Rada was overthrown – chickpea, and to the power of the reduced Hetman P. Sco – ro – padsky, proclaiming instead of UNR Ukrainian power, which was, in fact, under German protectorate.
In November 1918 the year – after the revolutionary soby – Tille in Germany and Austria-Hungary – P. Soon – padsky, who lost the support of German bayonets, took another course and said that “Ukraine first sight – worth Venue – drink business education-Russian Fede – walkie-talkie.” However, the regime soon changed again. There was the so-called Derek – Torii.
Autumn of 1918 , Ukrainian nationalism – sheets pro – WHO – GLA – Sealy West Ukrainian People’s republics – the face (ZUNR), and in January 1919, the year a Listing – Wylie on its association with the Ukrainian People’s republics – Lika. In July 1919 , the Ukrainian side were times – gromleny Polish Voice – kami, territo – dence former – necks ZUNR came under Polish rule.
In April 1920 the year S. Petlura (one of the “heroes” who impose the modern Ukraine) signed on behalf of the Directory of the UNR secret convention by which – in exchange for the military under – Derzhko – gave Paul – Chez land Galicia and Western Volyn. In May 1920 the year Petliurists vstu – drank in Kiev in the convoy of Polish units. But not for long. Already in November 1920 , after the armistice between Paul – necks and Soviet Russia remains of the loop – Rovsky SDA troops – were the same Poles.
On the example of the UPR shows how unstable were all sorts kvazigosudarst – governmental way – – Bani, arose on the space of the former Russian Empire in the course of the civil war and unrest. Natsio – from journalists eager to develop their individual states, the leaders of the White movement advocated Ned – limuyu Russia. Not before – – stavlyali themselves outside Russia, and many republics – whether – ki, founded by side – nicknames pain – Chez – wikis. Together with those of different reasons leaders pain – shevists – Coy Party sometimes literally pull out – nodded them for limits of Soviet Russia.
Thus, in early 1918, was proclaimed Donetsk curve – rozhskaya Soviet republic, which appealed to Moscow with the question of joining the Council – ical Russia. A refusal followed. V. Lenin met with the leaders of the republic, and urged them to act – Vat in a part of the Soviet Ukraine. 15 on March 1918 , the Central Committee of the RCP (b) decided to send directly to the Ukrain – sky Congress of the Council of Delegates, in including the Donets Basin, and create a Congress of “one government for the whole of Ukraine.” The territory of the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet republics – PUB – faces in the distance – Nation in the ground and sos – tavili region South-East of Ukraine.
According to the Riga Treaty of 1921 , between the RSFSR, the Ukraine and Poland western lands of the former – necks of the Russian Empire moved to Poland. In between – in – en – ny period pols – something the government has launched an asset – hydrochloric resettled – ical policy, seeking measurable – thread ethnic composition “kresy” – as in Poland called ter – rhetoricians current Western Ukraine, Western Be – lorussii and Lithuania. Held rigid polo – zation, the local cul – tour and traditions filing – lyalis. In the future, as early as during the Second World War, for the sake of – locally groupies – ings Ukrainian natsio – from journalists using it as an excuse for terror not only against the Polish, but and the Jewish, Russian population.
In 1922 , with the creation of the USSR, one of the establish – teley which made the USSR, after enough of the East – a swarm of discussions among Lenin’s plan for the formation of an alliance Bolshevik leaders was implemented – Foot gosu – darstva like Fede – talkie equal republics. In the text of the Declaration on the Formation of the USSR, and then in the Constitution of the USSR in 1924 , the right of free withdrawal of the republics from the Union was introduced . Thus, the most dangerous “time bomb” was laid in the foundation of our statehood. She exploded once disappeared safety, Fuse – NITEL – mechanism of in a leading role of the Communist Party, which eventually collapsed from within itself. The “parade of sovereignties” began. 8 December 1991 , it was signed the so-called Belovezhskoe Soglo – shenie about creating Sod – ruzhestva Independent gosu – oped countries in which the Ad – lyalos that “the USSR as a subject of between – national law and geopolitical realities – Nosta ceases to exist.” By the way, the CIS Charter, adopted back in 1993 year, Ukraine has not signed and does not ratifications – -skilled.
In the 20 – 30s of the last century the Bolsheviks asset – but promoted a policy of “Root – tion”, which in Ukra – ins – Coy SSR carried out as Ukraine – tion. STAMP – personally, that in the framework of this policy with the consent of the Soviet authorities in the USSR returned and was elected member of the Academy of Sciences M. Hrushevsky – the former chairman of the Cent – ral – Noah Rada, one of the ideologists of Ukrainian nationalism in the time to use – shiysya SUPPORTED – Coy Austria-Hungary.
“Indigenization” certainly played a major role in the development and strengthen – lenii Ukrainian culture, language and identity. At the same time, under the guise of fighting the so-called Russian great-power chauvinism, Ukrainization was often imposed on those who did not consider themselves Ukrainian . It was the Soviet national poly – teak – instead of large Russian nation, the trio – dinogo people, consisting – Sheha of the lead – to – Russia, little – Russia and Belarusians – to fix on the state level – decomposition on three separate Slavs – Sgiach nations, Russian, Ukraine – skom and white – Russian .
In 1939 , the lands previously seized by Poland were returned to the USSR. A significant part of them are annexed to Soviet Ukraine. In 1940 , in the Ukrainian SSR became part of Bessarabia, occupied Ruma – Nia in 1918 year, and Northern Bukovina. In 1948 year – black – the Sea Snake Island. In 1954 , in the composition of the USSR it was transferred to the Crimean region of the RSFSR – a flagrant violation of the current at the time great – vovyh standards.
I will separately say about the fate of Subcarpathian Rus, which after the collapse of Austria-Hungary ended up in Czechoslovakia. A significant part of the local residents were Ruthenians. About it now little vspo – Mina, but after having mastered – bozhdeniya Transcarpathia sovets – Kimi Voice – kami Congress right – nice NACE – Lenia edge advocated the inclusion Podkar – patskoy Russia in the RSFSR or not – in the midst of – Art – – venno in the Soviet Union – on the rights of individual Carpatho – Russian republics – faces. But it is the opinion of people about – ur – but – ingly. And the summer of 1945 , it was announced – how the newspaper “Pravda” – about stories – Český act Vos – to – e – of the connections Zakar – patskoy Ukraine “to their homeland has long been – Ukraine”.
Thus, the modern Ukraine – wholly and totally children – slit the Soviet era. We know and remember that in the zna – chi – erably it will build – fore was due account of stories – cal Ros – these. Dos – tatochno Com – thread, which Voss land – dinilis with the Russian state in the XVII century and from what territories the USSR withdrew from the Soviet Union.
The Bolsheviks belonged to the Russian people as neis – draws material for social Experi- – running experiments. They dreamed of a world revolution, which, in their view, generally cancels natsio – -functional state. Therefore, pro – loosely cut border, handing out generous territo – ble “gifts.” The finite – Mr. bill than it is guided by the Bolshevik leaders, shredding the country no longer has a value. You can argue about the details, the background and logic of certain decisions. One thing is clear: Russia was actually robbed.
Working on this article, not based on some kind of secret archives and to open docu – ments that contain well-known facts. Modern Ukrainian leaders and their outer coat – We prefer about these facts do not remember. But for a variety of reasons, to the point and not to the place, in including abroad, today decided to condemn the “crimes of the Soviet regime,” prichis – Laa to him, even those events for which neither Party, nor the Soviet Union or the more ency- – meline Russia does not have any otno – sheniya. In this case, the action of the Bolsheviks on the rejection by Russia of its historical territories criminal act not schi – melting. It is clear why. Once this has led to weakened – leniyu Russia, our detractors is Tro – ivaet.
In the USSR the brink – tzu between – do republics, of course , is not the perception – nor – malis as government, we were conditional in a single country, which, with all the attributes of the federation, on the merits was extremely center – ripple – for the account, I repeat, py – to – leading the role of the CPSU. But in 1991 , all these terri – Torii, and most importantly – the people who lived there, in overnight found themselves abroad. And was already the action – vie – tion detached from their historical homeland.
What can you say here? Everything changes. In including – the country and society. And of course, one of the people in the course of its development – in effect a series of at – rank, ISTO – Riches – FIR circumstances – may in certain moment oschu – tit, see themselves as a separate nation. As for this from the – but – sitsya? There can be only one answer: with respect!
Want to create your country of their own – in? Shake – luysta! But on what terms? Let me remind you here of the assessment given by one of the brightest political figures of the new Russia, the first mayor of St. Petersburg, A. Sobchak. As a highly professional lawyer he schi – tal that any solution must be legitimate, and therefore in 1992 year expressed the following opinion: the republic’s founding the Union after they also cancel the contract 1922 year should return to those borders, which they entered into composition of the Union. All the others territo – ble pur – Retenu – it before – met to dis – Denia, re – say, because the base canceled.
In other words , leave with what you came with. It is difficult to argue with such logic. I can only add that the arbitrary redrawing of the boundaries of the Bolsheviks, as already noted, have begun even before the creation of the Union, and all mani – pulyatsii with territories performed volyun – taristski, IGNOU – riruya people’s opinions.
The Russian Federation recognized the new geofields – ti – cal realities. And she not only recognized, but did a lot to make Ukraine an independent country. The work – nye 90s and into the new millennium, we have been providing significant support Ukraine. In Kiev, use their “poly – ti – ical Arif – metiku”, but in 1991 – 2013 years only for the expense of low prices of gas Ukraine has saved for its budget more than 82 billion dollars, and today just “clings” to 1.5 mil – the Jordan dollars Russian payments for the transit of our gas to Europe. Whereas with the preservation of economic ties between our countries, the positive effect for Ukraine would amount to tens of billions of dollars.
Ukraine and Russia for decades, centuries devel – valis as a single eco – nomic system. The depth of the cooperative – the radio, which at us was 30 years ago, today could be the envy of the Euro countries – union. We are a natural, complementary – conductive each other Party’s economic – norami. This close relationship is capable of Wuxi – Lebanon competi – rental benefits, increase the potential of both countries.
And it is in Ukraine was significant, includes a powerful infra – structure – round, the gas transmission system, advanced shipbuilding industry, aviation, rocket – structure, instru – rostroeniya, scientific – nye, constructive – Tor Engineer – Schools of the myrrh – Vågå level. We received such – ledie, the leaders of Ukraine, announcing independence, promised that the Ukrainian eco – omy will be one of the leading, and the standard of living of Liu – dei one of the highest in Europe.
Today about – thinking high-tech ru – Ganta, that once proud and Ukraine, and the whole country, lie on your side. Over the past 10 years, the output of mechanical engineering products has fallen by 42 percent. Scale deindust – rializatsii and in general degradation of the economy can be seen on such indicators as the development of electro – Ener – gies, which for 30 years in Ukraine contraction – tilas prac – tically doubled. And finally, according to IMF data, in 2019 year, before the epidemic coronavirus, hearth level – shevogo Ukraine’s GDP was less than 4 thousand dollars. This is below the Republic of Albania, Republic of Moldova and nepriz – nannogo Kosovo. Ukraine is now the poorest country in Europe.
Who is to blame for this? Are the people of Ukraine? Of course not. It was the Ukrainian authorities who squandered, let down the winds of the achievements of many generations. We know how hardworking and talented the people of Ukraine are. He is able to aggressively and persistently to achieve success, you – give – schihsya results. And these qualities, like openness, natural optimism, hospitality , have not gone away. Remain the same and the feelings of millions of Liu – dei, which relate to Russia is not just good, but with a lot of love, as well as we in Ukraine.
Prior to 2014 , hundreds of acc – Chez – Nij, joint projects Started – tackles on the development of our economies, business and cul – tour – GOVERNMENTAL ties to strengthen – Safety Lenie on solving common sotsi – al – GOVERNMENTAL, environ – cal problems. When – were oschu – timuyu benefit the people – and in Russia, and in the Ukraine. This is what we considered the main thing. And because productively interact with all the under – I would stress, with all the leaders of Ukraine.
Even after the events in Kiev in 2014 year we lent orders Russian government to consider options for contacts in the line profile Minis – terstv and agencies in the conservation and under – Derzhko our economic ties. However, meetings – Foot desire but was, so to , and still do not. That , however, is still Russia is among the top three major trading partners of Ukraine, and hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians priez – zhayut for us to earn money and meet here the kindness and support. This is how the “aggressor country” turns out.
When the Soviet Union collapsed, many and in Russia, and in the Ukraine, still sincerely believed, we came from the fact that our close cultural, spiritual, econo – mi – cal connection Bezus – Karlovna remain as common people, basically always feel united. However, the events – first underside – wills, and then faster and faster – began to develop in a different direction.
In fact, the Ukrainian elites decided to justify the independence of their country by denying its past, however, with the exception of the issue of borders. Steel mythological – gizirovat and rewrite history, vymary – Vat of it all, what unites us, to talk about the period of stay in Ukraine in the part of Ross – Russian Empire and the Soviet Union as an occupation. Common to us the tragedy of collective – tivizatsii, famine of the early 30s issue of geno – ICC Ukrainian people.
The radicals and neo-Nazis declared their ambitions openly and more and more insolently . They indulged and the Officio – cial authorities and local oligarchs who robbed the people of Ukraine, stolen kept in Western banks and willing to pro – give the mother race – hydrochloric to save kapi – tala. To this must be Doba – vit of chronic – ical weakly – Bost sovereigns – Article – governmental insti – Tutov, polo – voltage goodness – of the free foreign hostages geofields – cal will.
Let me remind you that a long time ago, long before 2014 , the US and the EU systematically and persistently pushed Ukraine to ensure that the roll, to restrict economy – agency cooperation with Russia. We – as a major trade and economic desks – nor Ukra – ins – are invited to discuss emerging issues in Ukraine format – Russia – EU. But each time we were told – Lyali that Russia had nothing to do with it, they say, the question relates only to the EU and Ukraine. De-facto western countries The discrepancy – Neely repeated Russian proposition – zheniya of dia – log.
Step by step the Ukraine drawn into danger – hydrochloric geopolitical game, whose purpose – to turn Ukraine into a barrier between Europe and Russia, in the bridgehead against Russia. Inevitably come a time when Conceptualism – tion “Ukraine – not Russia” no longer suited. Con – Bova “anti-Russian”, with which we will never accept it.
Customers of this project took as a basis for more achievements old Polish-Austria – Sgiach ideologues create “anti – – ISO – Minkowski Russia”. And there is no need to deceive anyone that this is being done in the interests of the people of Ukraine. The Rzecz Pospolita never needed Ukrainian culture, let alone Cossack autonomy. The Austro-Hungarian history – cal Russian ground mercilessly Expl – Atira – valis and remaining as – were the poorest. Nazis who Preece – luzhivali collaborations – NIST, natives of the OUN-UPA, was needed not Ukraine, and living spaces – in and slaves to Aryan misters.
About the interests of the Ukrainian people do not think, and in February 2014 year. Justified dissatisfaction of people, Call – Bathing acute socioeconomic samples – – lemami, errors, inconsistent the action – viyami their then – these authorities, cynically Execu – call. Western countries have directly intervened in vnut – Ren – of the Ukrainian business, supported the coup. It that – Mr. – Mr. made a radical nationalist group – pirovki. Their slogans, ideology, frank Agres – sive Russophobia in many ways and have come to define gosu – donative policy in Ukraine.
Everything that united us and brings us together until now fell under the blow . First of all , the Russian language. Let me remind you that the new “Maidan” power first of all on – nN – that – were to repeal the law on gosu – dedicatory language of poly – tick. Then there was the law on “purifying power”, the law on education, almost vycherk – IBA – shy Russian – sky language from the educational process.
And finally, as early as May this year, the current pre – communication – dent has been submitted to the parliament a draft law on “Indigenous peoples – dah”. They are recognized only by those who constitute the Ethnic – cal minority and do not have their own gosu – gift – governmental education for the borders of Ukraine. The law has been passed. But – stems seeds of discord sown. And this in the country – as already noted – is very complicated – Noi territo – ble, natsio – Nal – Nome, the linguistic composition of its history the odds – ming.
An argument may sound: since you are talking about a single big nation, a triune people, then what difference does it make who people consider themselves to be – Russians, Ukrainians or Belarusians. I completely agree with this. Especially that the definition of national belongs – suggesting that being, especially in mixed families – it is the right of every person to the free choice of his.
But the point is that in the Ukraine, today the situation is completely different, because we are talking about Prinou – clusive change is identical – Nosta. And most turn away – tion that Russian on Ukraine forced not only to renounce their roots from generations of ancestors, but and believe that Russia – their enemy. It is not an exaggeration to say that the policy of nasilst – vennuyu assimilation, to the formation of Ethnic – cally pure Ukrainian gosu – darstva aggressively tuned – Foot to Russia, for its consequences Com – him with Prima – neniem against us weapons of mass it is time – zheniya. As a result of this rough, ordeal – governmental divide Russian and Ukrainian – Russian people can collectively Decrease the – sewn on hundreds of thousands, and then and in the millions.
We hit and on our spiritual unity. As in the times of the Lithuanian Grand Duchy – to – one, started a new church division. Not Concealed – Vai that pursue political goals, Swets – Kie authorities grossly interfered in church life and brought it to the races – Cola to capture temples, beating the priests and monks. Even wide car – nomiya Ukrainian right – the glorious Church while preserving spirits – Foot unity with Mos – -bank Patry – Arhat of the category – metrically not satisfied. This behold – my lot – an age-old symbol of our relationship they have in that kind nor was the time – to ruin.
I think that is natural and that representatives of Ukraine visits for RA – Zoom holo – shoved against Rezo – lu – tion General Assam – UN Blaye condemning the heroes – zatsiyu Nazism. Under the protection of the authorities held marches, torchlight processions in honor not finished the war criminals of the SS uniform – tion. The rank natsio – tional heroes put Mazepa, who pre – yes – a shaft of all circles, Petliura, who for the Polish COVER – ernment broke – cists Ukrainian lands Bahn – tear, co – or – chav – Sheha with the Nazis. They are doing everything to erase from the memory of young generations the names of real patriots and winners, whom Ukraine has always been proud of .
Ukraine – ant, who fought in the ranks of the Red Army, in partisan units, Great Otechest – vennaya war was just Otechest – -governmental, because they protect your home, your pain – Shua common homeland. More than two thousand became Heroes of the Soviet Union. Among them, the legendary pilot Ivan Kozhedub fearless sniper, defender of Odessa and Sevas – poplar Lyudmila Pavlichenko, on – an important commander of the guerrilla sydir kovpak. This inflexible generation of CPA – zhalos, gave – Valo their lives for our future, for us. Forgetting about their feat means betraying your grandfathers, mothers and fathers.
The “anti-Russian” rejected mil – Lyon residents of Ukraine. Crimeans and Sebaste – Polzow made their historic choice. And people in the South-Vos – current peacefully tried to defend his position. But all of them, including children, are recorded in the separatists and Terreaux – Rist. They began to threaten with ethnic cleansing and the use of military force. And residents of Donetsk, Luhansk vzya – were for arms to defend their home language, their lives. Do not they have left a different choice – after the pogrom – mov, which swept over the cities of Ukraine, after the horror and tragedy of 2 on May 2014 , in Odessa, where the Ukrainian neo-Nazis burned alive people, made new Khatyn? This is followed by violence – Vatel Bandera were ready to teach – thread in the Crimea, Sevastopol, Donetsk and Lugansk. They still do not abandon such plans. They are waiting in the wings. But they wo n’t wait.
The coup d’etat that followed this action Kiev authorities inevitably provoked opposition and grazh – Danish war. According to the assessment of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the total number of victims, linked – GOVERNMENTAL with the conflict in the Donbass, has exceeded 13 thousand Th – lo – century. Among them are old people, children. Terrible, irreparable losses.
Russia has done everything to stop been withdrawn – kill – GUSTs. It was concluded Minsk Soglo – Chez – Nia, koto – rye aimed at the peaceful settlement of conf – relic of in the Donbass. I am convinced that they still have no alternative. In any case, no one otzy – shaft signed or under the Minsk “package of measures”, nor under respectively – stvuyuschimi stated – niyami countries leaders “nor – mandskogo format.” Nobody initiated re – review of Council Resolution Secure – Nosta UN on 17 February 2015 year.
In the course of the official re – dialects, especially after the “odorgivaniya” with Western partners, Representat – Applicants Ukraine perio – di – cally declare “full commitment” Minsk Soglo – Chez – Niyama, on the case is governed by the position of their “continuous – lemosti”. We do not intend to seriously discuss either the special status of Donbass, or guarantees for the people living here. Pref – read exploit the image of a “victim of foreign Agres – these” and trade Russophobia. Arrange shelter – stems Provo – katsii in Donbass. In short, any spo – sobami attracting – cabin to yourself atten – manie outer coat – Applicants’ and owners.
Apparently , and more and more I am convinced of this: Kiev simply does not need Donbass . Why? Because, firstly, the inhabitants of these regions never accept those orders, which they have tried and are trying navya – to show force, blockade, threats. And secondly, the results and the Minsk-1 and Minsk-2, giving a real chance to peacefully RESET – novit Terri – torial integrity of Ukraine, for example – directly Dogs – oneself to the DNI and LC at the middle of the – -operation of Russia, Germany and France against – vorechat the entire logic of the project ” anti-Russia “. And it may der – huddle only constant culturing image vnut – ren – it and the external enemy. And I add – under the protectorate, Rear – lemma with the West – GOVERNMENTAL powers.
This is what happens in practice. First of all – is the creation of the Ukrainian society an atmosphere of fear, aggressive Rito – Rick indulgence neo-mile – tarizatsiya country. Along with this – not just total dependence, and direct external control, including the supervision of foreign advisers for ukrains – Kimi orga – contact authorities, security forces and the armed forces, the military “development” in Ukraine, razvor – tyvanie infra – Article – ruktury NATO. Not by chance that said the controversial law on “indigenous peoples” was taken under the covered – iem scale NATO exercises in Ukraine.
Under this same cover passes and absorption of residues Ukra – Inskoy economy, the exploitation of its natural RESOURCES – owls. Not for the mountains sale of agricultural – land, but who will buy them – obviously. Yes, from time to time Ukraine allocate funds, credit – Dita, but under their conditions and interests, under Prefecture – Ren – tion and benefits for foreign companies. By the way, who will repay these debts? Apparently, pref – Laga, it will have to do not only for today’s generation of Ukrainians, but their children, grandchildren, yes, probably, and great-grandchildren.
Western authors ‘anti-Russian’ project set up as Ukrainian political system to me – were presidents, deputies, ministers, but was neiz – mennoy installation on separation Ros – sion, at enmity with it. The main pre – elected the current president was the slogan attains – voltage world. He came to power on this . The promises turned out to be lies. Nothing measurable – nilos. And in some ways the situation in Ukra – ine and around the Donbass and more degraded.
The draft “anti-Russian” no place Suva – rennoy Ukraine, as political forces, koto – rye trying to lag behind – Vat its real independence. On those who speak of reconciliation in the Ukrainian society, a dialogue about finding out of the arisen – Sheha impasse stigmatized “sprouted – siys – FIR” agents.
I repeat, for many in Ukraine the “anti-Russia” project is simply unacceptable. And these people – nice – Lyon. But they are not allowed to raise their heads. They have practically been deprived of the legal opportunity to defend their point of view. Their ZAPU – pulled, driven into hiding. For convictions for spoken word, with the open expression of their positions are not only subjected to Presle – dovaniyam but and killed. Murderers usually are bezna – seemed.
“Pra – Ville – nym” patriot of Ukraine is now a Listing – wish to set up the only one who hates Russia. Moreover, the entire Ukrainian gosu – gift – stvennost as we pony – May, offered in the distance – Nation building excluded – chi – tion on this idea. Hatred and anger – and the world ISTO – dence is not just the dock – is called – very shaky Ba – vanie for sovereigns – ordre fraught with many serious figure – kami and tyazho – lymi consequences.
All the tricks related to the project “anti-Ros – Sia”, we understand. And we never admits – tim to our historical territory and living there close to us people Execu – Call of anti-Russian. And those who pre – take such an attempt, I want to say that in this way they will destroy their country.
Existing power in Ukraine, like to refer to the Western experience, see it as a model for the undermining – Jania. So look at how Austria and Germany, the USA and Canada live next to each other . Close on the ethnic composition and culture, with virtually the same language, they thus remain sovereign gosu – gift – stvami, with their own interests, with its foreign policy. But it does not interfere with their most closely integrat – radio or allied relations. We are very conditional, transparent gras – Nice. And the citizens of crossing them chuvst – exist at home. They create families, study, work, do business. By the way, just like the millions of natives of Ukraine who now live in Russia. For us, they are our own, relatives.
Russia is open for dialogue with Ukraine and is ready to discuss the most difficult issues. But it is important to understand that your partner is lagging behind – Vaeth their national inte – ests and not obsl – alive strangers, not is a tool in someone’s hands to deal with us.
We respect the ukrains – whom language and traditions. By the desire of Ukrainians see their own state freedoms – nym, safe, safe.
I am convinced that the real sovereignty of Ukraine WHO – mozhna is in partnership with Russia. Our spirits – nye, human, civilizational ties formed over centuries, goes back to the one roots, Zack – lyalis common tests, achievements and victories. Our kinship is passed down from generation to generation. It is – in the hearts, in memory of the people living in modern Russia and Ukraine, in the blood ties that unite mil – Lyon our families. Together, we have always been and will be a lot of – a multiple stronger and more successful. After all, we are one people.
Now these words perception – Nima some people in hostility. Can be interpreted as you like. But many people will hear me. And I will say one thing: Russia has never been and will not be “anti-Ukraine”. And how to be Ukraine – to solve its grazh – Danes.